Australia Indonesia Partnership for Decentralisation (AIPD) is a program of cooperation between the governments of Indonesia and Australia to support Indonesia’s decentralisation reform. The program works with the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Finance and the National Planning Agency and supports subnational government to improve their performance on health and education priorities. AIPD is designed as a platform for other GoA programs to coordinate support at provincial and local government levels as well as at service unit level. Targeted capacity building is focused on improved resource allocation and management which link planning and expenditure to location specific service delivery targets. Initiatives piloted in AIPD target locations serve as pilots for replication in other provinces and districts. Through this work, AIPD provides technical advice for decentralisation policy development that is grounded in experience from the field. At AUD68 million, AIPD is currently the largest of DFAT’s decentralisation investments. The program commenced in 2011 and is due to end on 30 June 2015.
AIPD supports better resource allocation and management for priority service delivery issues in its target areas. Pressing service delivery weaknesses are identified by stakeholders and formulated along customised provincial and district level results chains. The idea is to focus on interventions that have the strongest potential to address weaknesses or bottlenecks in each province and district.
AIPD’s technical support is organised across four cross-cutting thematic areas that directly contribute to service delivery improvement. Gender is mainstreamed throughout all activities.
- Resource Allocation and Management:
- Capacity building support to optimise the allocation and management of resources in order to address systemic bottlenecks in health and education service provision; fiscal transfers; and, monitoring and evaluation.
- Fiscal transfer policy dialogue with key agencies focusing on achievement of national standards.
- Sectoral Governance:
- Capacity development designed to improve service delivery especially in health and education.
- Technical advice to contribute to Minimum Service Standards (MMS) policy dialogue; service delivery unit planning and implementation; servicing public service requests and financial; and asset and data management.
- Community-Based Services:
- Support for village apparatus, informal leaders and civil society to strengthen the village development in anticipation of the implementation of Village Law No. 6 Year 2014. Innovative approaches which support relevant adat laws are also encouraged to improve service provision in remote subdistricts and villages.
- Open Government:
- AIPD supports Government of Indonesia efforts to promote transparency, increase civic participation, fight corruption and harness new technologies to make government more open, effective and accountable.
- Interventions support active community, civil society organisations and local parliaments to improve oversight of planning and budgeting processes and to facilitate better provision of services through an open government approach.
AIPD collaborates with the National, Provincial and District Governments, the Regional Parliament, civil society and media organisations.
At the national level, AIPD collaborates with three Ministries which are the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Finance and the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas). The work units which partner with AIPD in the Ministry of Home Affairs arethe Overseas Cooperation Administration Centre (Pusat Administrasi Kerjasama Luar Negeri – AKLN), the Directorate ofLocal Government Unit (UPD) 1 & UPD 2, the Secretariat for the Directorate General of Regional Autonomy, the Secretariat of the Directorate General of Regional Finance and the Directorate of Regional Leaders Facilitation, Regional Parliament and Inter-Agency Relations. In the Ministry of Finance, AIPD collaborates with the Secretariat of the Directorate General of Fiscal Balance, the Directorate of Regional Finance Information, the Directorate of Financing and Regional Capacity and the Directorate for Balancing Funds, Ministry of Finance. Furthermore, AIPD also collaborates with the Directorate for Regional Autonomy – Bappenas.
At the Provincial and District level, AIPD partners with various Local Government Service Units (Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah – SKPD), such as the Regional Development Planning Agency (Bappeda), Regional Revenue and Financial and Asset Management Office, the Education Office, the Health Office, the Public Works Office, Transportation, Information and Communication Office, Finance Bureau/Division, Development Administration Bureau and the Women Empowerment and Child Protection Bureau/Division, AIPD also partners with the Regional Parliament, civil society andmedia organisations.
At the implementation level, AIPD partners with PT. Trippcons International, BaKTI Foundation, Research and Community Services Centre – Brawijaya University in East Java and the Regional Economic and Finance Studies Centre – Cendrawasih University in Papua.
At the sub-national level activities are situated in five targeted provinces: Papua, West Papua, East Nusa Tenggara, West Nusa Tenggara, East Java and in four districts within each province.
In the Papua Province, AIPD works in the Districts of Keerom, Supiori, Pegunungan, Bintang, and Merauke. In the West Papua Province AIPD is in the Districts of Manokwari, South Sorong, Raja Ampat and Fakfak. In the East Nusa Tenggara Province, AIPD is in the Districts of North Central Timor, East Flores, and Southwest Sumba. In West Nusa Tenggara, AIPD is in the Districts of Dompu, Bima, West Lombok and North Lombok. In the East Java Province, AIPD is in the Districts of Malang, Sampang, Situbondo and Trenggalek.
In its implementation, other than being supported by implementation team and implementation partners at regional level, AIPD is also supported by two internal facilities, namely Technical Support Facility and Results and Knowledge Facility.
AIPD’sTechnical Support Facility (TSF) functions as a one-stop shop for technical support in sub-national governance for all program activities across AIPD’s four Thematic Areas. This enables AIPD to function as a governance platform for sub-national sector programs and provide a governance perspective to tackle sector bottlenecks. The TSF also assists other Australian Aid programs to be engaged with broader policy debate and dialogue related to decentralisation and basic service provision in Indonesia.
The Results and Knowledge Facility (RKF) is dedicated to measuring and communicating program outcomes. It uses cutting-edge methods to generate defensible claims about what is changing in local governance and basic service provision, and how AIPD and other DFAT programs are contributing to that change. The RKF helps ensure that DFAT is continuously learning and improving, finding out what works and what doesn’t work, to arrive at practical solutions to tackle bottlenecks in basic service delivery. The RKF multiplies returns on DFAT investments by learning from failure as well as success, giving an evidence base for more credible and visible influence in policy dialogue and debate.